1) Arvand Free Zone
b) Tehran Office
No. 143-next to 29th St.-Khaled Eslambooli St.-Tehran
2) Geographical Location
The region, suggested to be considered as the Arvand free zone, consists of 3 zones in an area of 170 square kilometers, is located on the southwestern part of Khuzistan province along the border river, the Arvand River. Iranian & Iraqi border –line where the border customs is located and Abadan refinery constitute the borders on the western – eastern ends of the region. The Arvand River runs from the North West to the southeast, pours into the Persian Gulf after twists and turns on the way and surrounding the Minoo Island. The Arvand River constitutes most of the southern and eastern parts of the Arvand free zone.
Geographical position of Abadan: Abadan has an area of 2652 Square kilometers and lies between 29' 58 min to 30' 20 min on the northern latitude from the equator and 48' 10 min to 48' 56min on the eastern longitude from the Greenwich meridian .this city is located on the southwestern part of khuzistan province and borders the cities of Shadegan and the khorramshahr on the north , the Persian gulf on the east and south and the arvand river on the west.
Geographical position of Khorram shahr: This port city with an area of 1902 square kilometers lies on the southwestern – end of khuzistan plain between 30' 26min 15 sec on the northern latitude and 48' 11min on the eastern longitude from the Greenwich meridian .this city is 6/6 meters above sea level. The distance between the khorramshahr and the other cities including Abadan , Ahwaz and Basra is measured to be 15 , 120 and 54 Kms respectively. It borders Ahwaz on the north, Shadegan on the west and Abadan on the south. The Arvand River, running from west t o the southwest, constitutes the border-line by the city.
Geographical positioin of Minoo Island: Minoo shahr is a district of the port city of Khorramshahr and lies on the southern – end of this city . the arvand river separates the town from the khorramshahr. Minoo Island is located at 48' 12min to 48' 15min on the eastern longitude and 30' 19min to 30' 22min on the northern latitude. Minoo shahr consists of two parts : the western part is regarded as the urban area and the rural part constitutes the southern part of the Island.
3) Historic Background
History of Abadan: The historians and the geographers indicated in the past that once Abadan was famous for tourism and navigability. Ibn Battutah described Abadan a small city in a flat salty plain, adding that it never rained and there was no land being cultivated .so, the agriculture never flourished in Abadan.. there are indications that Abadan was a big city in the past and was not similar to big cities of its times .the author of HODOD- AL ALAM described abadan a small city lying on the shore of the sea where the abadani and samani's woven mats come from and salt of Basra and Waset come through this city. By the way, Shams-Al Dien Mohammad Ansari and Ibn Battutah described Abadan as the last village by the sea and a small citadel by the sea respectively. Geographers in the past located this city on the north –western end of the Persian Gulf and at the confluence of the Tigris and the Euphrates.
The ancients attributed the construction of Abadan to the Ardashir , the successor of Esfandiyar son of Geshtasb who built it by the Tigris or Koureh Bahman shir . Abadan was famous mainly for its Inns (Caravanserai), Monastery and numerous mosques as well as Al-khazr' s mausoleum ( who set foot on this island many centuries ago)on the shore of the Bahmanshir in the early hijrat centuries . Ibn Battutah quotes a story about meeting a pious man who retired to one of these monasteries. The mausoleum of khazr, the messenger, is still in place. That's why Abadan was being called the island of Khazr among Arabs not long ago. YAGHOUT named some of the well-known pious men as the Abbaddan (worshippers). Abadan reduced to a state of ruin gradually from centuries 13th and 14th onward. because , most of the Abadan' surface was covered by sea , at the same time , the development of Basra and Khorramshahr caused this town to lose its commercial reputation at that time and turned into a village .
History of Khorramshahr: Khorramshahr was a small town early 14th century. Thanks to the security provided by the Bani kaab tribe's venerable old men, this town started to flourish and became a very important port.
In 1856, a wall constructed around the town .by 1833, more people immigrated to this town and was considered a free port, before the ottomans attacked the town. Khorramshahr was occupied militarily four times during the past hundred years. Since the port of Khorramshahr lies in the neighborhood of Basra, this town was a great loss for the Basra where was at the mercy of the ottomans. for this reason , when Mohammad shah Ghajar conquered the city of Herat in 1814 .Ali Reza Pasha , the governor of Baghdad , attacked Khorramshahr with a big army and plundered the town and destructed it .in the same year , the Ottomans again attacked the town and, khorramshahr leveled by this invasion .
AMIR KABIR recruited some of the tribal youths as a strong border guard in Khorramshahr whom were commanded by Mohmmad khan son of Jabir khan. After, the ottomans trespassed on Iranian lands.
JABIR KHAN hoisted the Iranian flag over the town and he was dubbed KHANI as a reward by AMIR KABIR for this reason.
4) History of AFZ
AFZ located at the northwestern tip of the Persian Gulf and south western of Khuzestan province at the confluence of the Arvand and the Karun rivers. The area of AFZ is more than 173 sq. km. . AFZ is bordered on the west by Iraq and on the south by Kuwait. This zone consists largely of 3 main parts: Industrial townships in Abadan & Khorramshahr , Shalamcheh border-line and Minoo island . roughly 8600 hectare out of all lands specialized for this zone are dedicated for industrial activities and 4800 hectares for administrative , tourism and commercial purposes and the remaining 3800 hectares for warehousing , ports and transit . The unique merits of AFZ are:
Fresh waters of the Bahmanshir , the Karun and the Arvand rivers , good infrastructures e.g. Roads , Railways , Marine and Air transports in or out of the country , Abadan international airport and short distance from neighboring countries .
AFZ began operation on 2004 upon the approval of members of parliament in Iran (Islamic consultative Majlis ) and members of Cabinet consequently marked its boundary on 2005 . This zone contains parts of Abadan & Khorramshahr where are of industrial, commercial and tourism infrastructures and are superior to other parts of the country. It should be noted that this strategic position is nationally oriented .so; we hope that Arvand Industrial – Trade free zone becomes one of the largest industrial, commercial and tourism zones in Middle – east.
5) Training and Educational Centers
Mehre Arvand international group: Mehre Arvand is group of Iranian engineers and experts who rely on their financial, specialty, experimental and scientific capabilities. This group managed to attract the attention of the world's largest scientific and technical institution, TAFE, where is located in Australia to hold common courses in Iran, Arvand free zone (Abadan & Khorramshahr).
Mehre Arvand is an international group that is able to admit students nationally or internationally. These students will study directly according to the educational system of Australian TAFE and can carry on their education in more than 20 universities across the world, when they completed their courses. The Mehre Arvand' s students can be sent to Australia and other international universities ,if they would like to study at the Doctorate .
Road transport: In 2004, the roads in the cities of Abadan and Khorramshahr constituted 20% of roads in Khuzistan province according to the statistics given by the provincial highway department.
The most impotent highways within AFZ:
The Abadan - Khorramshahr highway, 15 km, which ends in Shalmcheh border-line, is one of the most important highways within AFZ
Abadan is an hour drive from Ahwaz through a highway. This highway connects Ahwaz to the port cities of Abadan and Khorramshahr . There is an overhead - high pressure power- line along the highway. It should be noted that the highway is of heavy traffic since this region was regarded as AFZ. khorramshahr is an hour drive from Ahwaz by a main road . Meanwhile, just parts of these roads are bounded by AFZ. Abadan - Khorramshahr main road through which the imported Goods are transferred from port of Imam Khomeiny to the Shalamcheh border-line.
Khorramshahr - Shalamcheh road, 16km, plays an important role in commercial transition of Goods from Shalamcheh border-line to Iraq. By the way, the customs office is also stationed in the area.
Marine transport: At present , there are about 95% of Imports and 85% of Exports in the country are carried out through the ports .considering the spread of Goods Imports & Exports , it is necessary to develop the ports of the country . Having a look at Asian shipping transition as a corridor between East and West, we can find out that Iranian ports are well-positioned for global commerce. In addition, Passing through Iranian territory is by 5000 km shorter than the Suez Canal where is a leading international shipping course between Asia and Europe.
AFZ is one of the most impotent places in the field of marine transport. Because, the important ports, Abadan and Khorramshahr , are located within AFZ. Their distance from some important ports in the country and, at the same time, their strategic positions by the Persian Gulf have attached great importance to this region.
Air transport: Abadan international airport is just minutes from Abadan city (western part) and located by the Arvand River. This airport is one the country's oldest airports which dates back to the years when the Abadan refinery was first built. This airport enjoys state-of -the -art- facilities including air terminal , a 3400 feet long runway ( primary one ) and 2400 feet long runway ( secondary one ) which equipped with the latest aero-navigation systems namely ILS and DVOR .It should be noted that the primary runway used to be 13000 feet long that accommodates gigantic jet aircrafts. This runway has been covered with concrete about 7 meters in thickness. Therefore, cargo planes carrying Goods more than 100 tones can land and take off freely on this runway. During the war, the airport was badly damaged. But, it was rebuilt after the end of war.
In Abadan airport, airlines with regularly- scheduled flights include:
Domestic flights: Asseman, Iran air and Iran air tours
International flights: Phoenix and Kish air
7) Investment Attraction and Opportunities
Aims & purposes
1- Regional development
2- Economic growth and development
4- National income growth
5- Job creation
6- Planning out markets, labors and capitals
7- An active presence in national & international markets
8- Production and export of industrial goods
8) Industrial Advantages of Free Zone
AFZ enjoys the following geographical advantages for industrial development:
• Bordering the most important sources of Oil and Gas in the country and, at the same time, in the world.
• An abundance of oil & water-power based energies in the region as a prerequisite for industrial development.
• An abundance of Energy sources and surface waters in the region , make it possible to build water & energy- consuming installations as well as the sugar industry
• The industry in the region dates back to the construction of the Abadan refinery.
• Situated in the heart of natural sources, oil industry, railways and fertile soils.
• The region surrounding AFZ enjoys the sources e.g., water, soil, oil and mines that can be extracted for industrial purposes and create industrial groups.
• Industrial merits for building oil & petrochemical- based by-products industry. Because, the main oil & petrochemical industries are situated in the region.
• AFZ takes advantage of infrastructures e.g. commerce, transportation and port facilities in Bandar Imam Khomeini.
• Basra – Khorramshahr railway is under construction and the plans drawn up for Khorramshahr – Bandar Imam Khomeini – Mahshahr rail way . Thus, the international and national railways are connected for industrial development of AFZ.
• AFZ enjoys a unique geographical position to access the international waters by way of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea.
• Air, Railway and Road transports for promoting commerce and industry.
• The strategic position of AFZ to promote commerce and industry with East – Asian countries and the Persian gulf‘s littoral states as well as European – Caucasian continent.
• AFZ is bordered by Iraq and this country is importing different types of industrial products during the re-construction period.
• AFZ is just 30 and 15 minutes drive from the strategic port of Basra and Shalamcheh border-line as a point for industrial exports to Iraq respectively.
• AFZ benefits the special laws appropriate for zones, land handover and related investment and infrastructures.
• The site enjoys an underlying base or foundation special for all types of activities.
• The lands are suitable for building industrial units.
• An area sloping gently toward the Persian Gulf.
• This region is not subject to earthquakes.
• An area with certain weather conditions.